The Doxa and Doxosophers
Pierre Bourdieu suggests in Outline of a Theory of Practice that both orthodox and heterodox groups take for granted a “doxa.” The doxa is what everyone on a society/community has so deeply internalized that it is beyond consideration.
In Acts of Resistance, he uses the word “doxosophers” and distinguishes them from sociologists and philosophers:
The sociologist [like the philosopher] is opposed to the doxosopher … in that she questions the things that are self-evident …. This profoundly shocks the doxosopher, who sees a political bias in the refusal to grant the profoundly political submission implied in the unconscious acceptance of commonplaces, in Aristotle’s sense—notions or theses with which people argue, but over which they do not argue.
“Doxosopher” is an annoying word—how does one pronounce it?—but I love the idea.
Most of the new atheists are doxosophers: they’re playing out an argument on the basis of old Enlightenment ideas that contemporary philosophers and sociologists call into question.
Most of the people who argue about separation of church and state are doxosophers: they take for granted a four-hundred-year-old set of concepts and assumptions that should seriously be reconsidered.
I could go on; who would you consider a doxospher?